miercuri, 30 martie 2011

Din avantajele globalizarii

Preluat de pe Automotive News, fara prea multe alte comentarii. Arata (apropo de complexitate) cat de interdependenta si sensibila la un soc este o industrie asa zis "globala", dar si cat de mult ne-am obisnuit ca lucrurile sa fie "just in time"...

Specialistii din industrie estimeaza ca productia auto la nivel global a scazut cu 13%, din cauza perturbarii livrarilor de piese si componente, si ca aceasta scadere ar putea atinge 30% in urmatoarele 6 saptamani, intr-un "worst case scenario". Asta apropo de avantajele modelelor de productie centralizate, cu platformele de productie consolidate despre care vorbeam mai demult.

Manufacturing disruption
resulting from the earthquake in Japan
Chrysler Group LLC
UPDATED: 1:43 p.m. ET, 3/28/11

U.S.:
• Restricted dealers from ordering vehicles in 10 paint colors (brilliant black, blackberry, deep cherry red, redline, inferno red, bronze star, rugged brown, hunter green, ivory and billet metallic) produced at factory in Japan.
Ford Motor Co.
UPDATED: 5:02 p.m. ET, 3/28/11

U.S.:
• Restricted dealer orders for "tuxedo black" and three red paint shades; affects F-150 and Super Duty pickups, Explorer, Expedition, Focus, Taurus, Lincoln MKS and Navigator.

Europe:
•Will idle Genk, Belgium plant (S-MAX, Galaxy and Mondeo) for five days starting April 4 to conserve parts
Fuji Heavy Industries (Subaru)
UPDATED: 9:36 a.m. ET, 3/28/11

U.S.:
• Canceled overtime shifts at Subaru of Indiana (Legacy, Outback, Tribeca and Toyota Camry) until April 1; no parts shortages reported

Japan:
• Extended production suspension through March 31; facing rolling blackouts and supply shortages
•Will restart limited mini-vehicle production March 31
General Motors
UPDATED: 12:58 p.m. ET, 3/29/11

U.S.:
• Resuming Chevrolet Colorado and GMC Canyon production at Shreveport, La. plant; shortage of undisclosed parts from Japan halted production week of March 21
•59 laid off workers at Tonawanda, N.Y. plant back to work March 28; plant makes engines for Shreveport
• All nonessential spending and global travel temporarily halted

Europe:
• Opel's Eisenach, Germany plant (Corsa) was down two shifts March 21 and Zaragoza, Spain plant (Corsa) canceled one shift March 21 and one shift March 25; no other cancelations as of March 29
Asia:
• Overtime cut at two South Korean factories for week of March 21
Honda Motor Co.
UPDATED: 8:57 p.m. ET, 3/29/11

U.S.:
• Will slash daily output at plants by as much as 50 percent starting March 30
• Orders suspended from U.S. dealers for Japan-built models including the Fit, Insight, CR-Z, Civic Hybrid, Acura TSX and Acura RL. Also affected are a small number of CR-Vs
• April U.S. launch of the redesigned 2012 Honda Civic on schedule

Japan:
• Production halted at Sayama (CR-V, Accord, Fit, Acura RL and TSX), Suzuka (Fit, Civic, Civic hybrid, Insight and CR-Z) until April 3 at the earliest;
•Resumed motorcycle and power product production at Kumamoto Factory March 28
• Expects product development to be delayed at least two weeks; transferred some employees from damaged tech center in Utsunomiya to other sites; expects several months to reopen center
Mazda Motor Corp.
UPDATED: 2:08 p.m. ET, 3/25/11

U.S.:
•Suspended dealer orders for vehicles made in Japan until further notice; will affect (Mazda2, Mazda3, MX-5, Miata, RX-8, CX-7, CX-9, Mazda5) May allocation for U.S. dealers

Japan:
•Suspended production at Hofu plant (Atenza, Axela) from March 28; had restarted production March 22 with parts in stock
•Hiroshima plant (Bongo, CX-7, CX-9, Demio, Premacy, Roadster, RX-8, Verisa) reopened March 28; will continue some production until supplies run out.
Mitsubishi Motors Corp.
UPDATED: 9:18 a.m. ET, 3/30/11

U.S.:
• Assembly plant in Normal, Ill., is running normally; no shortages anticipated

Japan:
•Okazaki (Colt, Outlander Sport), Mizushima (i-MiEV, Lancer, Outlander and more) and Pajero (Challenger, Delica, Pajero) operating limited production March 31, April 1
•Suspending production at Pajero March 30
•Will evaluate operations again March 31
Nissan Motor Co.
UPDATED: 9:25 a.m. ET, 3/29/11

U.S.:
• All Nissan Americas plants (4) open; will continue running through at least April 1
• About 1,300 Infiniti vehicles were damaged in port in Japan en route to the U.S.; expects to make up the inventory loss within months
• Currently studying the potential for Decherd, Tenn. engine plant to supply VQ V-6 engines to Japan to replace lost production from the Iwaki engine plant; no decisions made yet
• Informed dealers March 24 that company will follow normal ordering schedule for May and no processing delays expected

Japan:
• Five plants -- Oppama, Tochigi, Kyushu, Yokohama and Nissan Shatai -- opened March 24 and building vehicles with components in stock; affects the Rogue, Leaf, 350Z and GT-R sports cars and almost all Infiniti models
• Leaf vehicle and battery production resumed at Oppama assembly and Zama battery plants March 24; plants still face rolling blackouts
• Electricity and water restored to damaged Iwaki engine plant; workers called back March 28 to help with repairs, but no timeframe for reopening.
Iwaki builds VQ V-6 engine for Infiniti G and M series, Murano and Z350
PSA Peugeot-Citroën
UPDATED: 10:34 a.m. ET, 3/24/11

Europe:
•Reduced production at most European plants from March 23 due to shortage of engine airflow sensor imported from Japan; affects Peugeot 207, Citroën C3, according to Wall Street Journal report
•Cutting production 40 - 50 percent at plants in Madrid and Vigo, Spain; Poissy and Aulnay, France; and Trnava, Slovakia
•Cutting production 75 percent at Sochaux, Sevelnord and Mulhouse, France
•Plants in China, Latin American not affected
Renault Samsung Motors Corp.
UPDATED: 1:50 p.m. ET, 3/22/11

South Korea:
•Stopped weekday overtime as well as weekend shifts
Suzuki Motor Corp.
UPDATED: 9:21 a.m. ET, 3/29/11

Japan:
•Suspended output at (3) plants through March 30; affects U.S.-bound Kizashi sedan, Grand Vitara crossover, SX4 small car
•Will operate day-shift only at Iwata plant (commercial trucks) March 30, 31
•Will operate day-shift only at Kosai plant (Alto, Lapin, MR Wagon, Palette, Solio, Wagon R) March 31
•Will assemble engines at Sagara plant (Kizashi, Swift, SX4, SX4 Sporty) but vehicle production suspended March 30, 31
•Will assemble motorcycles at Takatsuka and Toyokawa plants March 30, 31
•Still assessing situation for after April 1
Toyota Motor Corp.
UPDATED: 9:14 a.m. ET, 3/30/11

U.S.:
• Informed dealers March 25 that they face a shortage of 233 parts numbers for at least 30 days; Toyota Motor Sales will not fill any orders of short-inventory parts to replenish dealer stock
• North American vehicle and engine plants (13) running; overtime curtailed
• Sent memo to workers in U.S. and Canada March 23, warning thinning supplies will cause some interruptions in production; no definite time frame for stoppages
• Prius availability in the U.S. could be affected by damage to a hybrid battery plant; RAV4 crossover also affected

Japan:
•Miyagi assembly plant (Yaris for U.S. export) to be offline until at least late April; can’t get supply of natural gas
•Domestic plants (18) expected to remain offline until April 14; affects almost all Toyota and Lexus brand cars
•Production of Toyota Prius, Lexus HS250h and CT 200h hybrids halted March 30; will resume on March 31 on half capacity; had previously resumed limited production March 28
•Delayed shift of Corolla production (for domestic market) from Sagamihara plant to Miyagi plant until May
• Resumed production of replacement parts for vehicles already on the market on March 17; resumed production of parts for overseas production on March 21
Damaged: The Central Motor plant in Miyagi, which manufactures the Yaris; the Kanto Auto Works Iwate plant, the Scion xB and xD models; parts plants in Hokkaido and Tohoku
•Delayed Japanese launch of wagon-style Prius; not expected to affect U.S. or European launch
Volvo Car Corp.
UPDATED: 10:50 p.m. ET, 3/29/11

Europe:
• Company says production will continue undisrupted through week of March 28; can't predict beyond that; gets 10 percent of components from Japan

2 comentarii:

Adrian C spunea...

Dragos, bine ai revenit cu un nou post.

In perioada asta ma gandeam la cat mult calm si bunastare au existat, pentru prima data in istorie, in perioada de dupa al doilea razboi mondial.

In intervalul asta nu am avut niciun conflict armat la nivel mondial, nicio epidemie, iar avansurile tehnologice au imbunatatit mult calitatea vietii.

Interdependenta pe care o observam cu criza pieselor cred ca poate contribui ca forta pozitiva in limitarea conflictelor armate intre tari.

Nevoia de resurse de care ai discutat de multe ori cred ca totusi sporeste riscul asta pe viitor.

Dragos Popa spunea...

Buna Adrian si merci pt apreciere. ai mare dreptate in ceea ce priveste perioada de calm (relativ)insa cred ca (asa dupa cum probabil te-ai obisnuit) bunastarea, desi reala, nu a fost construita sustenabil ci mai degraba pe seama bunastarii generatiilor viitoare...

In rest, desi ai dreptate atunci cand spui ca lumea este interconectata si interdependenta (dupa cum spunea si Tainter ca ori progresam impreuna ori ne ducem naibii cu totii), cred ca putem gresi atunci cand presupunem ca comportamentul uman trebuie sa fie rational sau subordonat unui interes general, de specie. Lipsa de viziune, interesul individual, national, fanatismul religios etc, sunt suficiente elemente care sunt in afara controlului nostru. De aceea cred ca lumea este mult mai fragila decat pare, iar complexitatea nu functioneaza intotdeauna in favoarea noastra...